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Kappes, A., Montague, R., Harvey, A., Lohrenz, T., & Sharot, T., (in press) Confirmation Bias in the Neural Processing of Information. Nature Neuroscience


Kappes, A., Nussberger, A. M., Siegel, J. Z., Rutledge, R. B., & Crockett, M. J. (2019). Social uncertainty is heterogeneous and sometimes valuable. Nature human behaviour, 3(8), 764-764.


Wittleder,S. Kappes, A., Oettingen, G., Gollwitzer, P., Jay, M.,& Morgenstern, J. (2019) Mental Contrasting With Implementation Intentions Reduces Drinking When Drinking Is Hazardous: An Online Self-Regulation Intervention. Health Education & Behavior


Wittleder,S. Kappes, A., Krott, N, Jay, M., & Oettingen, G. (2019) Mental contrasting spurs energy by changing Implicit evaluations of obstacles, Motivation Science


Kappes, A., Nussberger, A-M., Faber, N., Kahane, G., Savulescu, J., & Crockett, M.J. (2018) Interpersonal uncertainty promotes prosocial behaviour, Nature Human Behaviour

Kappes, A., Faber, N., Kahane, G., Savulescu, J., & Crockett, M.J. (2018) Concern for Others Leads to Vicarious Optimism, Psychological Science

Kappes, A., & Sharot, T. (2018). The Automatic Nature of Motivated Belief Updating. Behavioural Public Policy. 1-17.


Montgomery, M.A., Kappes, A., & Crockett, M.J. (in 2017) Compassion is not always a motivated choice: a multiple decision systems perspective. Moral Psychology: Volume 5, MIT Press


Kappes, A., Kahane, G., & Crockett, M. J. (2016). From risk to fairness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201614111.


Kappes, A., & Crockett, M.J. (2016). The Benefits and Costs of a Rose-Colored Hindsight.  Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(9), 644–646.

Park, G., Kappes, A., Rho, Y., & Van Bavel, J. J. (2016). At the Heart of Morality Lies Neuro-Visceral Integration: Lower Cardiac Vagal Tone Predicts Utilitarian Moral Judgment. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. *


Kappes, A., & & Oettingen, G. (2014). The emergence of goal commitment: Mental contrasting connects future and reality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 54, 25–39


Merkt, J., Singmann, H., Bodenburg, S., Goossens-Merkt, H., Kappes, A., Wendt, M., & Gawrilow, C. (2014). Flanker performance in female college students with ADHD: a diffusion model analysis. ADHD, 321-341. Doi: 10.1007/s12402-013-0110-1



Kappes, A., Wendt, M., Reinelt, T., & Oettingen, G. (2013). Mental contrasting changes the meaning of reality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 797-810. Doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.03.010


Kappes, A. & Schikowski, A. L. (2013). Implicit theories about emotions shape responses to negative affect. Cognition and Emotion, 952-960. Doi: 10.1080/02699931.2012.753415



Kappes, A. &, Oettingen, G. & Pak, H, (2012). Mental contrasting and the self-regulation of responding to negative feedback. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 38, 845-857.


Kappes, A., Singmann, H., & Oettingen, G., (2012). Mental contrasting instigates goal-pursuit by linking obstacles of reality with instrumental behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 811-818.



Oettingen, G., & Kappes, A. (2009). Mental contrasting of the future and reality to master negative feedback. In K. Markman, B. Klein & J. Suhr (Eds.), The Handbook of Imagination and Mental Simulation. Hove, GB: Psychology Press